Skip to main content

Common Challenges: Pre Diabetes

In the health field arena we hear this term quite a bit as the obesity epidemic continues to soar and I was shocked to find out that the American Diabetes Association estimates that as many as fifty seven million Americans suffer from this disease, most undiagnosed.

What in the world is pre Diabetes you say?  Well it is when your blood glucose is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as Diabetes.  There are two tests that determine this, the oral glucose tolerance test and the fasting plasma glucose test.  Any of us who have been pregnant remember the oral glucose tolerance test, a challenge where you drink glucose and test blood sugar levels at different intervals up to two hours post.  Normal is considered under 140 mg/dL two hours post food. If your oral glucose tolerance test is between 140 mg/dL and 200 mg/dL you are considered pre Diabetic.  Your fasting plasma glucose is a blood test that is collected in the a.m. after fasting.  Ideally this should be under 100 mg/dL and if it is between 100 mg/dL and 126 mg/dL, you guessed it, you are considered pre Diabetic.

Research shows that without intervention pre Diabetes can turn into Type 2 Diabetes in as little as ten years.  It is also thought that circulatory and heart damage begins in early stages of pre Diabetes.  Those at highest risk are the obese population, African American, Latino, North American, Asian American, Pacific Islander, the aging population, and woman diagnosed with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

The prominent causes of pre Diabetes are obesity and insulin resistance.  Insulin is a hormone produced to assist with glucose metabolism.  When the pancreas is unable to produce the required insulin to metabolize glucose, your blood glucose rises contributing to an increase in blood glucose.  This particular pathway is considered insulin resistance.

The good news about pre Diabetes is that the Diabetes Prevention Program Study proved that thirty minutes of physical activity a day and a weight loss of five to ten percent produced a 58% reduction in Diabetes. 

If you are overweight, have a family history of Diabetes, or have symptoms of increased thirst, increased hunger, sudden weight loss or weight gain it is worth getting your levels checked.  It is never too late to start a physical activity and weight loss regimen. Have questions? Good luck and be well.

Comments

kousalya said…
Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, awaiting for more new post. Keep Blogging!

Pre Diabetes Symptoms
Mark Mason said…
Who is responsible for the deaths of more Americans, The Pharmaceutical industry or manufacturers of supplements?
Ask Amy said…
That is a pretty serious question Mark. I don't think blame for death can be put on either. This blog specifically talks about exericse, nutrition, and weight loss for prevention and treatment and I'd like to stick with that. Thanks for your comment.

Popular posts from this blog

Nutrition Tips: Fat Isn't the Enemy (FITE)

We hear so much about carbs and protein.  Some people claim a high protein diet is the best way to lose weight, or there are people who insist everyone should only eat carbs from the low glycemic list. But fat doesn’t make the conversation much, and that’s because we all know we need to avoid it, right? Fat is evil.  Almost as despicable as gluten...but not quite. 
Dietary fat (I wish we could come up with a better word for this) is found in animal products - meats, dairy - yogurt, cheese, milk, and eggs, but we can also find it in nature with our nuts, seeds, and avocado.  Of course, our baked goods like muffins and cookies have fat are included in the ingredients to make them moist and tasty!  
Food companies have made it entirely POSSIBLE to eat a fat-free diet.  And why wouldn’t you want to? Fat (okay, I’m thinking of a new word now) has been demonized during the past few decades.  We’ve heard that eating too much fat, or any at all depending on who you listen to, will cause us to b…

Insightful Intern - Eating to Lose Weight

In order to lose weight, we often are told that energy out must be greater than energy in.   In other words, calories taken in must be less than the calories we use in all of our daily activities.  So, to lose weight we cut calories and try to increase activity.  (Granted, there is more to weight loss/maintenance than just an exchange in energy.  What if we cut too many calories or don’t eat enough?
Since I started at Kindred Nutrition, I’ve heard many of Amy’s or Dawn’s clients talk about how they’ve cut back on calories to lose weight but have hit a weight-loss plateau.  Many a time when a client discusses this occurrence, we eventually come to the conclusion that the client is not eating enough.  This probably sounds foreign but you do need to eat in order to lose weight!  If you’re not eating enough your body goes into “starvation mode.”   Then whenever you do eat your body automatically stores those calories as fat because it is worried that it is not going to get enough calorie…

The Insightful Intern - Katie Wanger

The insightful Intern: Katie Wagner – Bio: I’m a dog fanatic.  I have three brothers.  I love the outdoors.  I’m a huge advocate of good nutrition and exercise, but I am also an ice cream connoisseur of sorts.  Contradicting yes, but I figure balance is important in all aspects of life.  
How did I get here?
Upon beginning my junior year at Virginia Tech, I had set a goal to find an internship by the end of that school year doing something which would involve what I ultimately wanted to do with my life.  I was looking for something dream-fulfilling, if you will… Paid or unpaid – it didn’t matter to me.   I thought that if I could just find an internship I would better my chances at eventually being able to find a job which would aid me in paying off the mountains of debt I currently owe Virginia Tech (seeing as at this rate I will owe them my first born son) and I wanted to find something that might also bring a little joy to my life.  The only problem with this goal is that at the b…